Translate This

A History of Antarctica

By: Gary Arndt

Subscribe: Apple Podcasts | Google Podcasts | Spotify | Amazon | RSS | Patreon


Transcript

Antarctica has been an object of fascination since it was first discovered by explorers in the early 19th century. 

Despite never having had a permanent human population, or as far as we know even a temporary population, Antarctica does have a history. Perhaps not as long and rich a history as Africa or Asia, but a history nonetheless

Learn more about the history of the seventh continent at the bottom world on this episode of Everything Everywhere Daily. 

—————————-

This episode is sponsored by G Adventures.

One of my most memorable moments traveling was getting to visit Antarctica. It was an epic journey that took me to the Falkland Islands, South Georgia Island, and Antarctica. Like thousands of other travelers, I went to Antarctica on the M/S Expedition with G Adventures. It was an experience that I still talk about to this day.  There is nothing quite like the sight, sound, and smell of landing on a beach with a quarter million penguins. 

If you would like to plan your dream trip to Antarctica, go to Everything-Everywhere.com/gadventures, or click on the link in the show notes. 

—————————-

The history of Antarctica goes back 175 million years when the Pangea supercontinent broke up and the landmass which became Antarctica separated from its neighbors, Africa, India, and Australia

At that point, there were actually animals and plants on the land we call Antarctica, but it also wasn’t at the bottom of the world at this time either. 

Slowly over millions of years, as Antarctica began to shift south, temperatures dropped, and precipitation piled up. Whatever plans and animals which existed on the landmass died as things got colder and light during the winters disappeared. 

As things got colder, the snow and ice began to pile up. Seriously pile up. As moisture in the atmosphere fell as snow, it never left. It piled up so much that today there is over 4.7 kilometers of ice above the surface. 

As human civilization arose around the world, no one, to the best of our knowledge, ever visited Antarctica or knew of its existence. 

However, there was always speculation that there was some land in the south. No one actually had any evidence of a great southern land, but it was a belief held by a great many people. 

Aristotle said, “Now since there must be a region bearing the same relation to the southern pole as the place we live in bears to our pole…” Aristotle, who was wrong about pretty much everything he thought about the natural world, figured that there had to be land masses that balanced each other out on each hemisphere. 

The term for this unknown land was Terra Australis Incognita or the unknown southern land. 

As European explorers set out in the 15th and 16th centuries, they eventually rounded the Cape of Good Hope in Africa and Cape Horn in South America, and they realized that if there was land to the south, it was separated by an entire ocean. 

Captain James Cook, to whom I will dedicate an entire episode at some point in the future, spent the better part of three years from 1772 to 1775 looking for it. His crew even crossed the Antarctic Circle, becoming the southernmost humans at that point. However, they were coming from the southern Pacific, and that part of Antarctica is well below the Antarctic circle. 

After his voyage, he wrote in his journal, “I firmly believe that there is a tract of land near the Pole, which is the Source of most of the ice which is spread over this vast Southern Ocean.” He of course would later be proven right. 

You might have noticed that the phrase Terra Australis Incognita sounds suspiciously like some other continent, and that is true. 

Many people thought that Australia was the great southern land. The name Australia was given to it by Matthew Flinders who circumnavigated it in 1804. 

Flinders said, “There is no probability, that any other detached body of land, of nearly equal extent, will ever be found in a more southern latitude; the name Terra Australis will, therefore, remain descriptive of the geographical importance of this country and of its situation on the globe“

Whoops.

However, not everyone thought that Australia was the end of the story as far as southern lands were concerned. 

The first human to lay eyes on the continent of Antarctica was probably the Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen who on January 27, 1820, saw the great ice shelf in what is today Queen Maud Land. 

This was actually only three days before a British expedition lead by Captain Edward Bransfield saw the tip of the Antarctica peninsula. For a long time, everyone thought that the Bransfield expedition found Antarctica first, due to translation issues with Bellingshausen’s diary. 

The first person to step foot on Antarctica was John Davis, who was part of an American expedition in 1821 that was looking for sealers. 

Once the existence continent was confirmed, the imaginations of explorers wandered to becoming the first person to reach the South Pole. This activity didn’t begin in earnest until the early 20th century. 

In 1901, the first real attempt to reach the South Pole took place with the British Discovery Expedition. This expedition was a who’s who of Antarctic explorers with Robert Scott, Ernst Shackleton, Edward Wilson, Frank Wild, Tom Crean, and William Lashly. All of whom would return to Antarctica on future expeditions.

They managed to get to 82 degrees south, which was still over 800 kilometers from the pole. 

However, they did prove that an extended trip into the center of the continent was possible. 

From 1907 to 1909, Shackleton set out again on the Nimrod Expedition. This time he got much closer to the pole. He and his team made it to 88°23’S, a meer 97 miles or 183 kilometers from the pole. 

The next expedition which started in 1910 was the Terra Nova Expedition, lead by the aforementioned Robert Scott. This time, they weren’t just going to see how far they could go, their objective was to reach the pole. Scott didn’t assume that anyone else would be trying for the pole while he was making his attempt.

He was wrong. 

The North Pole was reached by a team of Americans in 1909. Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen was going to attempt to reach the North Pole, but when it had been achieved, he quickly pivoted and turned his attention to the South Pole.

The race to the south pole was won by Amundsen who reached it on December 14, 1911. They managed to beat the British by using sled dogs and skis. 

Scott and his team reached the South Pole almost a month later on January 17, 1912, and perished on the trip back. Their journals were found later that year, only 12 miles from their rendezvous point where they were going to get supplies.

In 1915, Ernst Shackleton, having missed the opportunity at being the first person to the pole, attempted to do the first crossing of the continent. The expedition was a total failure with their ship having been stuck in ice and destroyed.

It began one of the most remarkable tales of survival in history and ended almost a year and a half later with a harrowing voyage across the southern ocean in a small boat, and all his men surviving. 

After this era of exploration, there wasn’t much attention given to Antarctica for decades. There were whaling ships that visited the peninsula and some small whaling stations, but that was about it. 

In 1929, American Richard Byrd became the first person to fly over the south pole and in 1935 American Lincoln Ellsworth became the first to fly across the continent. 

It wasn’t until 1957 that anyone returned to the South Pole since it was reached by Scott and Amundsen in 1911.  Sir Edmond Hillary, one of the first people to summit Mount Everest in 1953, lead the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition which crossed the continent overland, completing what Shackleton failed to do over 40 years earlier. 

During this period of exploration, countries were staking claims in Antarctica. Britain, Norway, Argentina, Chile, Australia, and France have all made claims to the continent. All of the claims are wedges that meet at the south pole, and many of the claims overlap with each other. Brazil, Peru, the United States, Russia, and South Africa have all reserved the right to make future claims. 

All of the claims were suspended in 1959 with the signing of the Antarctic Treaty. Officially, the continent doesn’t belong to anyone so long as the treaty remains in effect. 

Currently, there are about 70 permanent research stations in Antarctica from 29 different countries. The largest station is the American McMurdo Station which can house up to 1,200 people during the Antarctic summer. All logistics for the base are done through Christchurch, New Zealand

There is a permanent base at the South Pole. It is the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station which is also operated by the American National Science Foundation. 

There is actually a 995-mile or 1,6000-kilometer snow road which connects the two bases. The road is just compacted snow with filled in crevasses. 

In the summer, the population of Antarctica is approximately 10,000 people, and in the winter it drops to about 1,000. 

There have been people born in Antarctica. In 1978, Argentina sent some families there to help establish their claim. Emilio Marcos de Palma became the first person born on the continent on January 7 of that year. 

The deadliest disaster in the history of the continent occurred in 1979 when an Air New Zealand sightseeing flight crashed into Mount Erebus, the second highest peak in Antarctica, killing 237 people on board. 

The British Base at Port Lockroy runs a post office (again to help establish their claim) which claims to be the southernmost post office in the world. I mention this because I actually sent a postcard from there which took the better part of a year to actually arrive. 

Tourism is the only real industry allowed in Antarctica. Each year about 30,000 people will visit the continent, the majority of which are on small expedition ships. The International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators or IAATO regulates about 95% of the operators who visit Antarctica. 

While most of the land in Antarctica is covered with ice, there are some areas known as dry valleys which are some of the driest, most desolate places on Earth. The cold weather ensures that there is no humidity. The mountain ranges they lie between blocks snow from falling and forces extreme catabatic winds to blow down the valleys, where speeds can reach up to 200 miles per hour, or 316 miles per hour. 

In 1991, scientists discovered Lake Vostok, a lake of liquid water which is 4 kilometers below the surface of the ice. There have been ice cores drilled down almost to the surface of the lake, and at some point, there are plans to send a probe into the lake to see if they can find exotic forms of life, which might indicate that life could be possible below the ice in Jupiter’s moon, Europa. 

The future of Antarctica will largely depend on what happens with the ice cap which sits over 98% of the land and contains 70% of the Earth’s fresh water. As the Earth warms, more land may get exposed which could possibly start a race for resources. If that were to happen, the Antarctic Treaty could very well fall apart. 

For the time being, Antarctica will continue to be the least populated, driest, highest, and coldest continent on the planet. 



The original content (article & images) is owned by Gary Arndt. Visit the site here for other interesting stories.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

By: Fatima Turla

These 20 handmade beauty products would give you an idea for the perfect gift. So check our list below for your future reference.

If you’re in the process of thinking of the best gift to give your friend or loved one, then you’re on the right page. In this article, we provided a list of the best handmade beauty products as well as their benefits. Furthermore, you can find all these products on Amazon for easy shopping! So let’s now get into this and check out the list below.

Other articles you can read:

Table of Contents

Amazing Benefits of Handmade Beauty Products

When we think of handmade beauty products, we usually come up with the idea if it’s safe or not. Most of the time, people, especially women, prefer to buy beauty products from reputed brands. But what most people don’t know is that handmade beauty products have various benefits. Therefore, we listed the benefits these types of products bring.

Handmade Beauty Products may be Safer

Handmade Beauty Products offer no industrial chemicals and rubbish so they’re usually safe. For this reason, you exactly know what kind of product you will put on your skin.

Handmade Beauty Products are Better to use

They certainly work better compared with artificial chemical-based products. In addition, you can choose the type of ingredients that is suitable for your skin type. Besides, they’re considered healthier because they are usually gentler since many of the handmade beauty products don’t contain fillers or irritants.

Handmade Beauty Products are Earth-Friendly

Handmade beauty products are certainly Earth-friendly since those products that are made from conventionally produced ingredients are harmful to the environment.

They Make the Perfect Gifts

Lastly, handmade beauty products can be gifted no matter what the occasion is. Furthermore, most of them are cheap! So what are you waiting for? Buy some now!

20 Handmade Beauty Products that You can Choose From

Pro’s and Con’s of Each Handmade Beauty Products

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift particularly for women;
  • They’re artificial fragrance-free as well as artificial color-free;
  • The collection of Grapefruit, Lemongrass, and Orange-scented bath products can rejuvenate as well as revive your skin and sole;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries.
  • The box is too small.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift for anyone;
  • It surely reduces the amount of loose frizzy hair;
  • It also increases scalp hydration and refreshing your locks;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries;
  • It leaves a little buildup in some instances.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift for anyone;
  • It fights back naturally against colds as well as allergies;
  • There’s a freebie included since each 10-pk comes with a free 2-pk sample of another scent;
  • They’re gluten-free, chemical-free, as well as preservative-free;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift for anyone;
  • The raw ingredients can last in the sealed packet for 1 year;
  • The syrup can also last for up to 3 months in the refrigerator;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift particularly for women;
  • The package includes rose & pink clay bath salt, pink clay rose goat milk soap, lavender soy candle with rosebuds (4 oz), organic beeswax vanilla lip balm, beets & apples handmade dark chocolate, as well as a gorgeous gift note;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries;
  • The items are small, in short, everything is travel size.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift for anyone but specifically with men;
  • Not only is this lip balm fun and funky but it’s also intensely moisturizing and contains zinc;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift particularly for women;
  • It is soft, creamy, and opaque in 1-2 coats but it depends on the application;
  • It’s also certainly matte when applied;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift particularly for women;
  • They’re also artificial fragrance-free & artificial color-free;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift particularly for women;
  • The natural loofah sponge can exfoliate as well as scrub the skin clean;
  • It can lighten underarms;
  • It also moisturizes your skin;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift particularly for women;
  • not only it is a toiletry bag, but it can also be a cosmetic bag or a makeup case;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift particularly for women;
  • It’s available in different aromas such as Blossom Euphoria, Eucalyptus Wave, Monkey Farts, Lavender Sky, Mango-Papaya Island, and Cedarwood Forest;
  • They’re also stain-free and safe to use for kids;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift particularly for women;
  • It is certainly very easy to carry;
  • It is also free of phthalates, parabens, and petroleum derivatives;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries;
  • The scent won’t last a day for some instances so you have to reapply.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift particularly for women;
  • Since they’re samplers, it can help you choose which product you would buy in their store next time;
  • They also smell amazing;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift particularly for women;
  • It doesn’t require a UV light;
  • It also looks amazing when applied;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries;
  • The glowing effect does not last for long unless you give it more time to charge in sunlight.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift for anyone;
  • It comes with a beautiful sack;
  • It’s also made of steel so it’s sturdy;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift particularly for women;
  • Using this will result in a healthier as well as much more pleasant cycle;
  • The package includes one recyclable 2oz kraft bag of USDA Certified Organic Herbs;
  • It also has a lot of benefits;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries;
  • Not for pregnant women.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift particularly for men;
  • Not only for the beard but you can also use this comb to your hair or mustache;
  • It is certainly easy to carry anywhere;
  • It is also made of natural wood;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift for anyone;
  • Knit ear savers stretch and are much more comfortable than plastic versions;
  • They also help reduce chafing around your ears as well as decreasing the pressure of the mask on your nose;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift for anyone;
  • They are gluten-free, chemical-free, as well as preservative-free;
  • There’s a freebie included since each 10-pk comes with a free 2-pk sample of another scent;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries.

20 Best Handmade Beauty Products for the Perfect Gifts

Pros:

  • It’s an ideal gift for anyone;
  • They are completely vegan, non-toxic, as well as cruelty-free;
  • It leaves the skin feeling moisturized but non-greasy;
  • The scent is also not overpowering;
  • Lastly, it is a perfect gift for any occasion.

Cons:

  • Not available for delivery to other countries;
Line seperator

About the Writer

Fatima Turla2Hi there! I’m Fatima. My first major travel was in 2016 in the beautiful city of Cebu. After that, I got interested in traveling. Now I enjoy learning languages and other country’s cultures. My goal is to visit at least one country each year and to share my experiences with other people through writing or blogging. Witness my journey by following me on Instagram.​​​​​​​​​​​​

Line seperator

The original content (article & images) is owned by Fatima Turla. Visit the site here for other interesting stories.

Recipe of the week: Vietnamese glazed Royal Red Shrimp with spicy green apple slaw

By: Paul Johnson

This dish highlights the sweet flavors of the Royal Red Shrimp by contrasting it with the spicy glaze and slaw. The fish sauce, garlic and chilies make it especially pungent and well rounded. This appetizer is the perfect combination of contrasting flavors and textures – crispy and crunchy, hot and cold, tart and spicy all work well together in this dish that can be prepared year-round. Royal Reds look like huge shrimp but taste more like a combination of lobster and scallops. With a texture similar to shrimp, they are known for their rich, buttery flavor that has a touch of brininess to it. Although larger than shrimp, surprisingly they require a bit less cooking time, so make sure not to overcook their delicate meat. Although Royal Reds are a firm favorite, if they are not available, you could substitute them with White Gulf Shrimp.

Seafood in general lends itself well to the flavors and textures of Southeast Asian preparations and this Vietnamese Glazed Shrimp appetizer is a prime example of that.
And this particular dish is the perfect appetizer for any dinner party, as you can prepare both the glaze and the slaw dressing ahead of time. In fact, the glaze can last up to two weeks in the fridge. The slaw dressing can be made up to two days in advance.

Ingredients

Vietnamese glaze

1 cup sugar
½ cup water
2 tablespoons fish sauce, combine with 1 tablespoon water
2 tablespoons shallot, finely diced
2 tablespoons ginger, finely diced
1 tablespoons garlic, finely diced
1tablespoon sesame oil
½ teaspoon cracked black pepper
½ teaspoon red chili flake

First make the fish sauce caramel. To make combine 1 cup sugar with ½ cup water in small saucepan, without stirring, cook on medium heat until it has an amber color, then carefully add 2 tablespoons fish sauce and 1 tablespoon water. It is hot and will splatter and also fish sauce is a little stinky, open window. Sauté garlic, shallots, and ginger in sesame oil until soft, about five minutes. Add sautéed vegetables, pepper, and chili flake to fish sauce caramel.

Slaw dressing

3 limes juiced
2 tablespoons brown sugar
1 each Thai chilli
2 tablespoons fish sauce
1 teaspoon dried shrimp
Place all ingredients in blender and blend until smooth.

Green apple slaw

2 each Granny Smith apples
1 each medium carrot

Using a mandoline or knife cut the apples and carrots into a ¼ inch julienne. Apples will oxidize and turn brown, do not cut until you are getting ready to serve.

2 pounds Royal Red Shrimp (peeled and deveined, leaving tail intact)

Tempura batter

½ cup all-purpose flour, plus extra ¼ cup for dusting
½ cup corn starch
½ cup rice flour
1 ¾ cups soda water

With together the flour, rice flour and corn starch, add the soda water and mix until smooth (do not overmix)

Directions

Vietnamese glaze

1 cup sugar
½ cup water
2 tablespoons fish sauce, combine with 1 tablespoon water
2 tablespoons shallot, finely diced
2 tablespoons ginger, finely diced
1 tablespoons garlic, finely diced
1tablespoon sesame oil
½ teaspoon cracked black pepper
½ teaspoon red chili flake

First make the fish sauce caramel. To make combine 1 cup sugar with ½ cup water in small saucepan, without stirring, cook on medium heat until it has an amber color, then carefully add 2 tablespoons fish sauce and 1 tablespoon water. It is hot and will splatter and also fish sauce is a little stinky, open window. Sauté garlic, shallots, and ginger in sesame oil until soft, about five minutes. Add sautéed vegetables, pepper, and chili flake to fish sauce caramel.

Slaw dressing

Place all the ingredients in a blender and blend until smooth.

Green apple slaw

Using a mandoline or knife cut the apples and carrots into a ¼ inch julienne. Apples will oxidize and turn brown, so do not cut until you are getting ready to serve.

Tempura batter

Combine the flour, rice flour and corn starch, add the soda water and mix until smooth (do not overmix).

Shrimp

To cook the shrimp, add enough vegetable oil to cover the bottom of a saucepan 2 inches deep with the oil and heat to 350 degrees. To test, add a drop of batter and the oil should bubble around the batter. Dust shrimp with the ¼ cup of flour and then, holding by the tail, dip it into the tempura batter, then very slowly place the shrimp into the hot oil. Work in batches of only a few shrimps at a time for 2-3 minutes until slightly crisp on the outside. Brush cooked shrimp liberally with the Vietnamese glaze. Dress apple slaw with ¼ cup of dressing. Place slaw in a shallow bowl and arrange shrimp on top, garnish with fresh herbs (basil, mint, cilantro, dill). Enjoy!

Thank you to Michael Nelson, the Executive Chef of GW Fins in New Orleans for the recipe.

If you have a recipe you would like to share with  A Luxury Travel Blog‘s readers, please contact us.




The original content (article & images) is owned by Paul Johnson. Visit the site here for other interesting stories.

How to get an ACR I-Card in the Philippines (Alien Certificate of Registration)

By: Lyza Paloma

Here’s a guide on how foreigners can get an ACR I-Card in the Philippines.

ACR Card

For foreigners who stay in the Philippines for more than 60 days, an ACR I-card is required. An ACR I-Card is an Alien Certificate of Registration Identification Card. It’s a micro-chip ID that has different categories. Usually, an ACR I-Card is submitted together with a visa application. You can get it at the Bureau of Immigration Offices. Read the steps to secure it.

Other articles you can read:

Table of Contents

Foreigners Required in getting an ACR I-Card in the Philippines

All foreign nations with immigrant and non-immigrant visas (including Temporary Visitor Visas Holders) who stayed in the Philippines for more than 59 days

These are the categories with the corresponding color assignment on their cards:

Permanent Residents – Light Yellow

  • 13 Quota
  • 13(a) – Philippine Citizen’s Wife, Husband, or Child (below 21)
  • 13(b) – Child born abroad whose mother is a Permanent Resident
  • 13(c) – Child born after parents have immigration visas
  • 13(d) – Filipino woman who lost citizenship by marriage and dependent child
  • 13(e) – Returning Residents
  • 13(g) – Natural born Filipinos naturalized in another
  • RA 7919 – Social Integration Program
  • EO 324
  • PD 730
  • MCL-07-021 – Chinese National Married to Filipino
  • MCL-08-003 – South Korean National Married to Filipino

Native Born – Bronze

  • Special Non-Immigrant – Dark Purple
  • 47(a)(2) nonexempt
  • 47(b)
  • EO 758 – Employment Generation
  • PD 1623 – Investors
  • PD 1034 – Offshore Banking
  • RA 8756 0 – Executives of Regional HQ

Worker – Blue

  • 9(g) Commercial
  • 9(g) Missionary

Probationary Resident – Light Purple

  • 13(a) probationary
  • Temporary Resident Visa
  • MCL-07-021 probationary – Chinese National Married to Filipino

Voluntary Registrant – Red

  • All Economic Zone Visas
  • Balikbayan
  • Tourist less than 59 days
  • 47(a)(2) exempt
  • SIRV – Investor’s
  • SRRV – Retirement

Tourist – White

  • Temporary Visitors who will stay/have stayed for more than 59 days
  • SWP – Special Work Permit
  • SSP – Special Study Permit

Student – Aqua Blue

Treaty Trader – Gray

Gratis – Green

  • RA 7837 – Veterans
  • C.A. 613, 47 (b)

Requirements for an ACR I-Card Issuance

This is as per BI Website:

1. ACR I-Card Application Form

How to get an ACR I Card in the Philippines Alien Certificate of Registration 01

2. Checklist – please read this ahead, in case you are voluntary applying, this is a special checklist

3. Copy of passport bio-page and passport pages bearing valid visa implementation and latest admission with authorized stay

4. 2 pieces of 2×2 photo – taken within the last three months with white background (voluntary not needed)

Additional Documents For New Applicants

  • Certified true copy issued by the Records Section of the Board of Commissioners (BOC)’s Order granting the visa (for internal verification purposes)
  • Certified true copy issued by the Records Section of the Commissioner’s Order of Approval granting the Student Visa (for internal verification)
  • Photocopy of official receipt(s) of payment for applicable fees

Additional Documents for Paper-Based ACR holders (Late-Filing for Permanent Residents):

  • Letter of explanation – why filing is late
  • Original ACR (to be surrendered)
  • Photocopy of Immigrant Certificate of Residence (ICR) or Native-Born Certificate of Residence (NBCR)
    Index Card Imaging print-out from the Fingerprint Section;
  • Affidavit of Undertaking in case of expired passport (original and photocopy of the new passport which shall be presented fifteen (15) days from the date of its issuance)

Additional documents for Voluntary Applicants

  • Letter Request – with the purpose why you are applying for such
  • Photocopy of ID from concerned Agency – PRA, BOI, PEZA, if applicable
  • Photocopy of Marriage Certificate or Birth Certificate – for Balikbayan
  • Original Paper-Based ACR – if applicable

ACR I-Card Fees

I-Card Fee – USD 50

Express Fee – PHP 500

Steps on How to get an ACR I-Card in the Philippines

Usually, this is done together with your visa or application, but here are the steps

STEP 1: Gather all requirements for your application.

STEP 2: Go to the BI office that processes your visa or permit; you can refer here. Go to the in-charge of pre-screening and submit your documents.

STEP 3: Pay the fees and get an OR. Most will be asked to come back for a scheduled date.

STEP 4: On the day of your schedule, you will attend a hearing. After that, you may also be applying for your ARC I-Card, so proceed to the registration division. Have your fingerprints and photo taken, you may hand in your application there.

STEP 5: Wait for your visa and ACR I-card to be approved. After that, you may need to submit your passport for stamping.

STEP 6: Claim both your passport and ACR I-Card. The I-Card is valid for only a year.

Getting a Special Work Permit – Foreigners Working Temporarily in the Philippines
Photo by Hunters Race on Unsplash

Renewing your ACR I-Card

Who needs to renew an ACR I-Card?

  • Those who have expired ACR I-Card
  • For foreigners who have reached 14
  • Status of visa has changed
  • Replacement of ACR as required under the Alien Registration Act of 1950, as amended

Requirements in Renewing your ACR I-Card

1. ACR I-Card Application Form

How to get an ACR I Card in the Philippines Alien Certificate of Registration 02

2. This Checklist

3. Original ACR I-Card – surrender this

4. Photocopy of passport bio-page, visa implementation page, and latest admission with valid authorized stay.

Additional Requirements For the Following:

Immigrant Visa
MCL 07-021
MCL 08-003 – Amendment from Probationary to Permanent Resident Visa,
Temporary Resident Visa
Treaty Trader’s Visa
Pre-Arranged Employee Visa (Commercial/Missionary)

  • Photocopy of the Board of Commissioners (BOC)’s Order of Approval

For Sec. 47(a)2

  • DOJ endorsement – Photocopy

Special Subic/Clark Investors Visa
Special Subic/Clark Working Visa
Cagayan Economic Zone
Investor/Working Visa

  • Photocopy of Endorsement from Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority (SBMA)/Clark Development Corporation (CDC)

Student Visa

  • Photocopy of the Student Desk-approved Order granting a Student Visa extension

Re-Registration of Dependents

  • Certified true copy of the Board of Commissioners (BOC)’s Order for a non-immigrant applicant
  • Photocopy of parent’s passport bio-page and passport page bearing the visa implementation as well as the ACRI-Card (front and back)
  • 2 2×2 colored photo – recently taken with white background

Philippine Born (Permanent Residents)

  • Birth Certificate
  • Certified true copy of ACR and Native-Born Certificate of Residence (NBCR), if applicable (issued by the Records
  • Section for internal verification purposes)
  • Photocopy of parent’s ACR (front and back) and Immigrant Certificate of Residence (ICR)

Reissuance of ACR I-Card

Who can get a reissued ACR I-Card?

Those with:

  • Lost Card
  • Damaged Card
  • With Amendments – name, address, etc.
  • Rejected Card – wrong printed information due to applicant’s negligence

Requirements in getting a Reissued ACR I-Card

1. Accomplished ACR I-Card renewal/re-issuance application form

2. This Checklist 

3. Original ACR I-Card, if not lost

4. Photocopy of passport bio-page, visa implementation page, and latest admission with valid authorized stay

5. Certified true copy issued by the Records Section of the Board of Commissioner (BOC)’s Order granting the visa (for internal verification purposes)

6. Certified true copy issued by the Records Section of the Alien Certificate of Registration (ACR) or Immigrant Certificate of Residence (for paper-based ACR holders)

Additional requirements:

Lost

  • Letter request – for your reissuance
  • Affidavit of Loss
  • Police Report

Damaged

  • Official receipt(s) of payment for applicable fees

Amendment

  • For Name
    • Court Order (if applicable)
    • Amended/Corrected Birth Certificate
    • Affidavit of Amendment of Name/Inclusion of Name
  • Citizenship/Nationality
    • Official document proving the change of citizenship/nationality
    • Affidavit of Change of Citizenship/Nationality
  • Civil Status
    • Official document proving the change of civil status (e.g., Marriage Certificate or Marriage Contract,
    • Death Certificate or Annulment /Divorce Decree
    • Affidavit of Change of Civil Status
  • Address

Steps in Renewing/Reissuing the ACR I-Card

STEP 1: Gather the requirements.

STEP 2: Go to the nearest BI Office and submit your requirements. Get an Order or Payment Slip after.

STEP 3: Pay the fees, it’s still the same as getting a new one.

STEP 4: Submit a copy of the Official Receipt to get it processed.

STEP 5: Wait for the application to be evaluated and your reissuance to be approved.

STEP 6: Present your claim stub and get your new ACR I-Card.

How to Get a Call Center Job in the Philippines Be a Call Center Agent 03
Photo by Proxyclick Visitor Management System on Unsplash

Those are the steps on how to get an ACR I-Card or Alien Certificate of Registration Identification Card in the Philippines. Also, we have included how you can have it renewed or reissued. The fees are the same, and the card is only good for a year. I hope this guide helps you with your application! ​

Line seperator

About the Writer

Lyza Paloma

Hey, I’m Lyza! I once was a person who just imagined going to places “one day” but decided to pursue my dreams. My first travel abroad was in Japan, solo, last 2018, and fell in love with the journey since. I’m aiming to visit 10 countries before turning 30 and 2 new places in the Philippines every year. Besides traveling, I love organizing trips, photography, reading, and making new friends. Follow my adventures through my Instagram.

Line seperator

Are you on Pinterest? Pin these!



The original content (article & images) is owned by Lyza Paloma. Visit the site here for other interesting stories.